Patient Information on ENT medical conditions & treatments

This page last updated 5 January 2015

This medical information is provided to enhance and support, not replace, individual advice from a qualified medical practitioner. Please see our Terms of Use. We are continuously updating our patient information pages. New titles are added periodically.

Biofilms and human infection © JW Fairley 2014

Five stages in biofilm development © 2003 Peg Dirckx Center for Biofilm Engineering Montana State University

Bone Anchored Hearing Aids (BAHA) Osseo-integrated titanium auditory implant © JW Fairley 2013

Hearing by Direct Bone Conduction - Osseointegrated Auditory Implant

Cholesteatoma and mastoid surgery © JW Fairley 2014

Cholesteatoma left attic. Key: tm = tympanic membrane (eardrum) c = cholesteatoma

Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery (FESS) including balloon sinuplasty © JW Fairley 2014

Normal opening into the left maxillary sinus (the natural ostium)seen through a nasal endoscope. Key: mt = middle turbinate, mm = middle meatus, it = inferior turbinate

Glue ear, grommets (ventilation tubes) and adenoids © JW Fairley 2014

Glueehind right eardrum

Nosebleeds First Aid – What to do © JW Fairley 2011

Pinching the lower part of the nose betweewill stop most nosebleeds

Otitis externa – inflammation of the outer ear © JW Fairley 2014

Chronic otitis externa. Eczema with secondarssuring of the skin at the opening of the ear canal

Rhino-sinusitis: causes & medical treatment © JW Fairley 2014

CT scan showing a thin vertical slice through the face at the level of the eyelids. Air is black, bone is white, soft tissues and fluids are shades of grey. The frontal sinuses are the black spaces above the eyes. The ethmoid sinuses are the black spaces between the eyes. Between the cheeks, the grey pear-shaped bumps in the side walls of the nose are the inferior turbinates. The nasal septum is the vertical structure in the midline.

Tinnitus – noises in the ears or head
What causes it and how to deal with it © JW Fairley 2011

Tinnitus can be like the sound of a sea shell held to the ear

Tonsils and adenoids © JW Fairley 2010

Acute tonsillitis - Red and swollen tonsils. Key: t = tonsil, u = uvula

Vertigo Rehabilitation Exercises © JW Fairley 2010

Vertigo - an illusion of motion
ENT.UK The British Association of Otolaryngologists - Head and Neck Surgeons

Links to patient information from ENT.UK the British Association of Otolaryngologists – Head & Neck Surgeons

These patient information leaflets have been written in accordance with CNST guidelines and advice, and have been reviewed by the Royal College of Surgeons Patient Liaison Group. This leaflet may be freely reproduced in its entirety by photocopying, print, electronic publishing or any other means on condition that no additions, deletions or any other alterations are made to the text and that the text is circulated for the benefit of patients. Hard copies of these leaflets can be ordered from ENT.UK for 45pence each.

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Patient information leaflets

Conditions of the ear

       Conditions of the nose

Conditions of the throat

Conditions of the head and neck

Cosmetic and Facial Plastic Surgery

Indexed links to patient information on the website of the American Academy of Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery  AAO-HNS



Nose and Mouth

Head and Neck